SYNONYMS & ANTONYMS
- EMINENT – of high rank or importance; famous
Example: Some eminent members of the society helped in rehabilitating the slum-dwellers in the city.
Synonyms- illustrious, distinguished, renowned
He hails from an illustrious family having political connections.
Antonyms- common, obscure, unimportant
His obscure background did not deter him from reaching the top.
- VIGILANT – carefully observant or attentive
Example: It was difficult to escape the vigilant eye of the guardsman stationed at the main gate.
Synonyms- eagle-eyed, watchful, alert
The eagle-eyed policemen nabbed the thief who was lurking behind the bushes.
Antonyms- negligent, heedless, rash
The local authorities can no longer be heedless of the necessity of tight security.
- AVID – ardently or excessively desirous
Example: She is an avid reader of literature books.
Synonyms– ardent, fervent, keen
He is an ardent supporter of the global movement to combat the deterioration of environment.
Antonyms- dispassionate, unenthusiastic
Amidst all the media hysteria surrounding Salman Khan’s arrival in Chandigarh, there was one journalist who presented a dispassionate account of the whole event.
- REPLETE– filled to satisfaction
Example: The cricket match was replete with excitement and great plays.
Synonyms- satiated, filled
The variety of cuisines at the buffet table satiated everyone’s appetites.
Antonyms- empty, malnourished
The empty seats in the theatre bespoke the unpopularity of the movie.
- RETICENT– not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings readily.
Example: The students were quite reticent about discussing their problems.
Synonyms- reserved, diffident, inhibited
He was too diffident to put up a strong defence against her verbal onslaught.
Antonyms- unrestrained, communicative, unreserved
His unrestrained candour helped him to clear the air and patch up his friend.
- IMPLORE– beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something
Example: The victim implored the tribunal to have mercy.
Synonyms- entreat, request
Her mother entreated her not to accept the job in New Delhi.
Antonyms- command, enforce
He commanded her to finish the pending work by the end of the week.
- ADROIT– quick or skilful
Example: He is an adroit negotiator when it comes to finalizing business deals.
Synonyms- adept, deft
The oil tycoon, Blake Carrington, is adept at winning over his business rivals.
Antonyms– clumsy, incompetent
An incompetent employee cannot retain his job for a long time.
- CONCUR– be in accord, be in agreement
Example: The policemen concurred with the mayor on the issue of prevention of crime.
Synonyms- agree, accord
His views accorded with those of his bosses.
Antonyms- dissent, oppose
Two members in the committee dissented from the majority’s decision to amend the traffic laws.
- INCONGRUOUS– lacking in harmony
Example: His joke was incongruous with the polite tenor of the conversation.
Synonyms- discordant, contradict, irreconcilable
The essence of democracy lies in the acceptance of discordant/contradictory viewpoints.
Harmonious relationships between nations lead to the forging of long-lasting trade ties.
- INANE– devoid of intelligence
Example: They made inane remarks during the group discussion.
Synonyms- ludicrous, moronic
His ludicrous jokes did little to endear him to his peers.
Antonyms– intelligent, sensible
Being sensible, he decided to surrender his individual desires to the organizational goals.
- ALACRITY– liveliness and eagerness
Example: He accepted the job offer with alacrity.
Synonyms- willingness, eagerness, enthusiasm
He won the match because of his enthusiasm to put in his best efforts.
Antonyms- reluctance, disinclination
The disinclination of the students to participate in the class activity was clearly visible.
- AMIABLE– showing warmth and friendliness
Example: The amiable young lady welcomed the guests.
Synonyms- friendly, affable
His affable remarks won the hearts of everyone.
Antonyms- unfriendly, disagreeable
Those who have a disagreeable nature are very difficult to please.
- TEEMING– in abundance
Example: The backward agricultural sector is struggling to provide sufficient food for the teeming population.
Synonyms- swarming, abounding
The stadium was swarming with fans of the Indian cricket team.
Antonyms- barren, scanty, sparse
Ladakh has a sparse population because of its harsh climatic conditions.
- FASCINATING– extremely interesting
Example: My grandfather narrated some fascinating tales of his days in the army.
Synonyms– captivating, intriguing
The plot of the movie was so intriguing that I lost track of time.
Antonyms– boring, tedious
He grew impatient as the tedious lecture lingered on.
- CONCEAL– not allow to be seen; hide
Example: He will conceal the corporate secrets on the condition that he is made to sign a confidentiality contract.
Synonyms- hide, cover
An autocratic government always tries to hide the extent of its atrocities.
Antonyms- expose, reveal
He tried to commit suicide when the reporter threatened to expose his corrupt deeds.
- AUDACIOUS– showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks
Example: The audacious soldier aired his views with little regard for his commanding officer’s disapproval.
Synonyms- daring, bold
She is daring enough to attempt scaling the mountain without much training.
Antonyms- cautious, careful
You need to be very cautious while administering this injection.
- RESOLUTE– admirably purposeful
Example: They were resolute in their fight to win their fundamental rights.
He was successful because he was determined to achieve his goals.
Antonyms- doubtful, irresolute
An irresolute leader always spells doom for his followers.
- ACKNOWLEDGE– declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of something or someone
Example: They sent me a postcard acknowledging my request.
Synonyms- admit, concede
She had to concede that she overreacted.
Antonyms- reject, deny
They denied that he had contributed in the formulation of the theory.
- DEROGATORY– showing a critical or disrespectful attitude
Example: The reporter made derogatory remarks about the Chief Minister when he refused to answer certain questions.
He was fired after he commented in a disparaging manner about the board of directors.
The senior manager is very complimentary about the efforts of his subordinates.
- CORROBORATE– confirm or give support to (a statement, theory or finding)
Example: Recent research corroborates the theory that evolutionary throwback is possible.
His friend verified his account of what ensued between him and the landlord.
Tesla and Edison had a verbal sparring when the former contradicted the latter’s claim.
- CULMINATE– end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage
Example: The meeting culminated without any consensus.
The day climaxed with a music concert.
Antonyms- begin, commence
The annual function commenced with a welcome song for the chief guest.
- PROMINENT– having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
Example: The prominent cause of air pollution is emission of greenhouse gases by vehicles.
Synonyms- eminent, foremost
One of the eminent musicians of his day, Mozart’s symphonies are still popular today.
He lives in that inconspicuous red building at the end of the lane.
- GARRULOUS– excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters
Example: The garrulous cab driver jarred on the nerves of the old woman.
Synonyms- loquacious, voluble
The loquacious politician made exaggerated claims about his achievements.
Antonyms- reserved, silent
Her reserved demeanor belied her devious thoughts.
- PRUDENT– careful and sensible
Example: He is taking a prudent and cautious approach to start his business.
Synonyms- wise, judicious
The judicious management of scarce resources is necessary in both developed and developing economies.
Antonyms- unwise, imprudent
Her imprudent business strategies caused her to incur huge losses.
- MALEVOLENT– appearing to wish ill or evil to others
Example: Her malevolent stare sent chills of fear down my spine.
Synonyms- malicious, spiteful
His malicious remarks about his boss were the reason why he was dismissed from the company.
Antonyms- Benevolent, kind
The benevolent man distributed all the surplus money that he had among the poor people.
- PROFUSE– produced or growing in extreme abundance
Example: The plant produces profuse bright blue flowers.
Synonyms- copious, ample, abundant
He took copious notes during the lecture.
Antonyms- meagre, deficient
The diet of malnourished children is usually deficient in essentials nutrients.
- PENURY– a state of extreme poverty or destitution
Example: Suddenly left penniless after his business failed, he had live in penury.
Synonyms- destitution, impoverishment
The government has kick-started many poverty alleviation programs to combat rampant destitution across the country.
Antonyms- wealthy, affluence
The rise in expenditure of the household sector in recent years is a sign of our growing affluence.
- TENACIOUS– stubbornly unyielding
Example: He is regarded as a persistent and tenacious interviewer.
He was persistent in his efforts to win over the committee members in favour of his proposals.
Since she was irresolute about taking the posting, her superior gave it to her colleague.
- INNOCUOUS– not harmful or offensive
Example: He overreacted unnecessarily to her innocuous comments.
He might have an imposing personality but he is quite harmless.
Antonyms- obnoxious, harmful
He behaved so obnoxiously in front of the principal that he was suspended for a week from the school.
- AUGMENT– make something greater by adding it
Example: He augmented his income by working overtime.
Synonyms- intensify, amplify
The new housing reforms have done more harm than good as they have intensified the accommodation problems of the weaker sections of the society.
Antonyms- decrease, diminish
With the improvement in healthcare facilities, infant mortality rate has diminished.